Technical Analysis Flashcards

For example, if a security has been trading in a strong, sustained uptrend for several months, but then one or more momentum indicators signals the trend steadily losing strength, technical analysis definition it may be time to think about taking profits. Some traders use white and black candlestick bodies ; other traders may choose to use green and red, or blue and yellow.

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Technicians believe that even if all relevant information of a particular market or stock was available, you still could not predict precise market “response” to that information. Technical analysis is the interpretation of the price action of a company’s underlying stock . It utilizes various charts and statistical indicators to determine price support/resistance, range and trends. It identifies historically relevant price patterns and behaviors to help forecast potential direction of the stock. This methodology focuses only on the price of the shares, not the operations of the company.

What Is Technical Analysis Faqs

In 1948 Robert D. Edwards and John Magee published Technical Analysis of Stock Trends which is widely considered to be one of the seminal works of the discipline. It is exclusively concerned with trend analysis and chart patterns and remains in use to the present. As is obvious, early technical analysis was almost exclusively the analysis of charts, because the processing power of computers was not available for statistical analysis. Charles Dow reportedly originated a form of point and figure chart analysis.

A core principle of technical analysis is that a market’s price reflects all relevant information impacting that market. A technical analyst therefore looks at the history of a security or commodity’s trading pattern rather than external drivers such as economic, fundamental and news events.

Who Is Technical Analysis For?

And unlike technical analysis, which focuses mainly on the price trends of a security, fundamental analysis seeks to determine the fair market value of that security and where it should be trading. Technical analysis has the same limitation of any strategy based on particular trade triggers. The periods being used for the moving averages may be too long or too short for the type of trade you are looking to make. Leaving those aside, the technical analysis of stocks and trends has a fascinating limitation unique to itself.

It was sent to the brokerage houses and to the homes and offices of most active speculators. Such a system fell into disuse with the advent in the late 60’s, of the electronic panels. If you ask me, technical analysis technical analysis definition is the use of market-generated data to forecast future market moves. Market-generated data is a pretty broad term, but it mostly boils down to analyzing how the price of an asset moves, and how much of it trades .

Technical Analysis Meaning & Definition

Fundamental analysts review the financial statements of a company and generate metrics, such as price-to-book value and enterprise value-to-EBITDA to value a security. Many people consider fundamental analysis an essential part of stock trading and investing. Fundamental analysis for stocks relies largely on computing and reviewing a company’s various financial parameters as you saw in our analysis above. Technical analysis, on the other hand, only takes into consideration past price action and other market observables like volume and open interest to forecast future price behavior.

Charles Dow, the co-founder of Dow Jones, introduced the present iteration of technical analysis in his Dow Theory during the later part of the 19th century. His research work was further reinforced by the efforts of other eminent researchers such as William P. Hamilton, Robert Rhea, Edson Gould and John Magee, who significantly contributed to the evolution of the Dow Theory. At the core of technical analysis is the consideration that future financial price movements can be forecasted on the basis of an examination of past price movements.


Technical analysis violates the premise of EMH believers assume that price adjustments happen too quickly to be profitable. At first take, the idea that technical analysis might be able to predict future price behavior could seem surprising. However, there’s a strong relationship between price action and the psychology of market participants. Analysis helps you decide whether a stock is a good investment or something you should avoid.

Some traders use technical or fundamental analysis exclusively, while others use both types to make trading decisions. The core principle underlying technical analysis is that the market price reflects all available information that could impact a market. As a result, there’s no need to look at economic, fundamental, or new developments since they’re already priced into a given security. Technical analysts generally believe that prices move in trends and history tends to repeat itself when it comes to the market’s overall psychology. The two major types of technical analysis are chart patterns and technical indicators.

Technical Analysis Definitive Guide

Much of technical analysis involves examining data and chart patterns of historical prices as well as current ones, as technical analysts believe those prices move in trends of different lengths like short term, medium term and long term. Technical analysis is a blanket term for a variety of strategies that depend on interpretation of price action in a stock.

Technical analysis can be performed on any type of asset, traditional, such as commodities, forex, stock indices, and more, as well as digital assets such as Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. The goal is to predict probable, often short-term, price changes in the investments that they study, which allows them to choose an appropriate trading strategy.

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The two most common forms of technical analysis are chart patterns and technical indicators. Technical analysis differs from fundamental analysis in that the stock’s price and volume are the only inputs.

  • Indicators that measure the momentum of a stock including overbought and oversold conditions are momentum indicators.
  • Technical analysis views investor attitudes and behavior (i.e., the market’s psychological aspects) as the biggest movers of securities prices over time.
  • The first step is to identify the overall trend of the market by using trendlines or moving averages.
  • Breakouts result in higher trending prices and breakdowns result in lower trending prices.
  • This guide and overview of investment methods outlines they main ways investors try to make money and manage risk in capital markets.
  • And while you could get into the weeds examining each different trend, in general, trends represent the overall direction of a stock’s price, which might include its highs and lows.

It is used as a measure of interest that can manifest into significant price action. High volume indicates significant technical analysis definition trading activity that triggers a breakout or a breakdown accompanied by a sustaining trend in prices.

If prices move above the upper band of the trading range, then demand is winning. Indicators that output price-based information like trends, support and resistance are price indicators.

Fundamental analysis is a method of evaluating securities by attempting to measure theintrinsic valueof a stock. Fundamental analysts study everything from the overall economy and industry conditions to the financial condition and management of companies.Earnings,expenses,assetsandliabilitiesare all important characteristics to fundamental analysts. What we then get is a bullish-looking, “healthy” green candle on a candlestick chart.

It can then be used by academia, as well as regulatory bodies, in developing proper research and standards for the field. The Market Technicians Association has published a body of knowledge, which is the structure for the MTA’s Chartered Market Technician exam. They show that the price behavior of these Hang Seng index composite stocks is easier to understand than that of the index. Dow Theory is based on the collected writings of Dow Jones co-founder and editor Charles Dow, and inspired the use and development of modern technical analysis at the end of the 19th century. Other pioneers of analysis techniques include Ralph Nelson Elliott, William Delbert Gann and Richard Wyckoff who developed their respective techniques in the early 20th century. More technical tools and theories have been developed and enhanced in recent decades, with an increasing emphasis on computer-assisted techniques using specially designed computer software. Ross Cameron’s experience with trading is not typical, nor is the experience of students featured in testimonials.

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A closed-end fund (unlike an open-end fund) trades independently of its net asset value and its shares cannot be redeemed, but only traded among investors as any other stock on the exchanges. In this study, the authors found that the best estimate of tomorrow’s price is not yesterday’s price , nor is it the pure momentum price . The use of computers does have its drawbacks, being limited to algorithms that a computer can perform. Several trading strategies rely on human interpretation, and are unsuitable for computer processing.

For example, in an oversold condition, market sentiment is considered unsustainably bearish. Momentum oscillators are constructed from price data, but they are calculated so that they fluctuate between a low and a high, typically between 0 and 100. Some examples of momentum oscillators include rate of change oscillators, the relative strength index , stochastic oscillators, and the MACD (moving-average convergence/divergence oscillator). Common reversal patterns are head and shoulders (H&S), inverse H&S, double top, double bottom, triple top, and triple bottom. Support is defined as a low price range in which the price stops declining because of buying activity. It is the opposite of resistance, which is a price range in which price stops rising because of selling activity. Traders are advised to always have a full plan, complete with entry point, and take profit levels before entering a position.

Many trading systems are based on technical indicators since they can be quantitatively calculated. One of the most important parts of charts for technical analysis is a so-called “trend line,” which shows a security’s overall price trend. Additionally, things like “peak/trough analysis” and “moving averages” can help investors or analysts get a better prediction of what stocks are going to do.